Editor at home Source: learning times release date: 2019-11-20 Browse times:
The decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Beijing
on the major issues of upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity was put forward by the CPC in the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee. The decision emphasizes the exploration of various forms of public ownership, the optimization and structural adjustment of state-owned economy, the development of mixed ownership economy, and the enhancement of competitiveness, innovation, control, influence and risk resistance of state-owned economy. We should deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises and improve the modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics. We should form a regulatory system of state-owned assets dominated by capital and effectively play the role of state-owned capital investment and operation companies. This is a major deployment of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, based on the overall development of the party and state, to deepen the reform of state owned enterprises. It is an important part of upholding and improving the socialist basic economic system and promoting the modernization of the state governance system and governance capacity. The state owned assets supervision and administration institutions should adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping's new socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics, thoroughly understand its great significance and practical requirements, accelerate the transformation from management enterprises to management capital, and form a state-owned assets supervision system based on capital management, so as to provide strong institutional guarantee for capital and fostering world-class enterprises with global competitiveness. 。
Deeply grasp the basic requirements of transformation from management enterprises to management capital
A sound supervision system of state-owned assets is an important guarantee for the reform and development of state-owned enterprises, and is of great significance to the development of powerful economies. The key to forming a state-owned assets supervision system based on capital management is to transform from management enterprises to management capital. In the 70 years since the founding of new Beijing
, the reform and improvement of the state-owned assets supervision system has gone through three stages. The first stage is the period of socialist construction after the founding of new Beijing
. At this stage, in line with a highly centralized and unified planned economic system, state-owned enterprises and state assets are integrated into a whole, and the management of enterprises and assets is highly unified. The state relies mainly on the direct management and development of state-owned enterprises in a relatively short period of time to establish an independent, relatively complete, fairly large scale and high technology level industrial system, laying the foundation for Beijing
's basic economic system. The second stage is the eighteen largest party since reform and opening up. At this stage, with Beijing
's economic system adapting from planned economy to market economy, state-owned enterprises have undergone profound changes in property rights structure, organization form and operation mechanism in the reform and opening up, and state-owned enterprises and state assets are no longer fully coincident. State owned assets include state-owned assets owned by wholly state-owned enterprises and state-owned assets operated by wholly owned enterprises. They are also state-owned assets operated by state owned and shareholding mixed ownership enterprises. Therefore, there are differences between management enterprises and asset management in terms of content, object and mode. In line with this, important steps have been taken in the reform of the state-owned assets management system, and the central, provincial and municipal three level state-owned assets supervision system characterized by the combination of assets and management and personnel management has been established, which has effectively promoted the implementation of the responsibility of maintaining and increasing the value of state-owned assets, and actively promoted the reform and development of state-owned enterprises. Since the third phase of the eighteen Party Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core attaches great importance to the reform of state owned enterprises. It points out that we should strengthen the supervision of state-owned assets by means of capital management, and accelerate the transformation from management enterprises to management capital. At this stage, in order to adapt to the requirements of marketization and internationalization, state-owned enterprises have been integrated with the market economy as a whole. They have become the independent market participants who follow the market rules and participate in market competition equally. The mixed ownership economy has become an important form of realization of the basic economic system with the public ownership as the main body and the multiple ownership economy developing together. In the central enterprises supervised by the State Council's SASAC, the proportion of mixed ownership enterprises accounts for about 70%. The total assets and operating income of listed companies exceed 60% and the total profit accounts for more than 80%. It has entered the development stage of capitalization of assets and diversification of shareholding. The management mode of wholly state-owned and wholly owned enterprises is no longer applicable to state-owned holding enterprises or participating enterprises. The management mode of state-owned enterprises is no longer applicable to "going out" state-owned enterprises. At the same time, we should solve the problems of the separation of government and business and the distinction between government and assets in the management system of state-owned assets, eliminate the phenomenon of offside, vacancy and dislocation of state assets supervision, further improve the supervision mechanism of state-owned assets, optimize the layout structure of state-owned economy, and enhance the allocation efficiency of state-owned capital, and also urge to accelerate the transformation from management enterprises to management capital.
The transformation from management enterprises to management capital is all-around, deep and fundamental. First, in the positioning and concept of supervision, we should shift from the direct managers of state-owned enterprises to the regulators based on capital contributions. "Management enterprises" more emphasis on direct management of state-owned enterprises; "management capital" more respect for the main position of the enterprise market and corporate property rights. This requires us to insist on separating government functions from enterprises and separating government assets from each other. We should further clarify the boundary of responsibilities of state-owned assets supervision organs, effectively transform the direct management concept of supervision, and rely more on property rights and capital ties, relying more on the articles of association and corporate governance structure, and more in exercising shareholder rights and giving full play to the role of directors, so as to enable state-owned enterprises to truly become a real business. An independent market entity with independent operation, self financing, self risk, self-restraint and self development according to law. Two, we should focus on the development of individual enterprises and pay more attention to the overall function of state-owned capital. The "management enterprise" focuses on the micro economic entities and pays more attention to the production and operation of individual state-owned enterprises. "Management capital" focuses on the value contribution of state-owned capital and pays more attention to the overall revenue and control power of state-owned capital. This requires us to jump out of the inertia thinking of simple supervision of individual enterprises, and take state capital as a whole, strengthen the overall research, systematic planning, overall regulation and scale operation from the height of serving the party and state work, and promote the rational flow of state-owned capital in a wider range, deeper level and higher level, so as to promote the continuous growth and development of the state-owned economy. Good obedience to serve national strategic needs. Three, in the ways and means of supervision, we should shift from mainly administrative management to more market oriented rule of law. The "management enterprise" is more standardized by the administrative color of the relatively strong management means of enterprise production and operation; "capital" pays more attention to market means, in the framework of the rule of law to adjust the relationship between the interests of the main body, to achieve regulatory objectives. This requires us to focus on overcoming administrative thinking and effectively change the way of exercising the right of approval, supervision and weak X電競服務
. We must adhere to the combination of letting go and management, insisting on the right to be exercised by the law and power according to law, strictly performing duties according to the powers and procedures prescribed by laws and regulations, and transforming the regulatory requirements into Shareholder's will better through marketization and legalization. In doing. Four, in the direction and effect of supervision, we should shift from paying attention to scale speed to paying more attention to improving quality and efficiency. "Management enterprises" pay more attention to enterprise production and operation indicators, which easily lead to blind pursuit of bigger enterprises. "Capital management" pays more attention to the rational flow of capital and optimal allocation, which can guide enterprises to pursue quality and efficiency. This requires us to insist on quality first, efficiency first, and in accordance with the requirements of high quality development, so as to push state-owned enterprises to accelerate the transformation of development mode, to achieve quality transformation, efficiency change and dynamic transformation, and to continuously improve the quality and efficiency of the development of state-owned economy.
Building a sound state assets supervision system based on capital management
To implement the requirements of the decision and form a regulatory system for state-owned assets dominated by capital, the state owned assets supervision and administration institutions should adhere to the general secretary Xi Jinping's important exposition on the reform and development of state owned enterprises and Party building, adhere to the separation of government and enterprises, separate government assets from each other, adhere to the unity of letting go and manage well, focus on managing capital layout, regulating capital operation, raising capital returns and maintaining. Capital security, adherence to Party leadership, efforts to build a state-owned assets supervision system, and effectively enhance the system of state-owned assets supervision, pertinence and effectiveness.
First, we should focus on managing the capital layout and building the layout of state-owned capital and optimizing the structural adjustment system. We must adhere to the market orientation, take the enterprises as the main body, advance and retreat, and do something differently. We should promote the layout optimization and structural adjustment of state-owned capital, and enhance the overall function and efficiency of the state-owned economy. Manage the layout of state-owned capital well. Formulating the "14th Five-Year plan" for the strategic adjustment of the state capital layout and structure, and promoting the adjustment and optimization of the layout of state-owned capital as a whole. We should strengthen strategic planning and guide enterprises to focus on main investment in main industries around the national strategic needs and industrial development plans. We should focus on the key industries and key areas of state capital related to national security and national economic lifeline and concentrate on strategic emerging industries by formulating negative list of investment projects, strengthening main business management, and checking the proportion of non principal industry investment. Manage the layout of state capital well. We should encourage more investment in state-owned capital, revitalize the real economy, better support the key technology research, and promote the establishment of a technological innovation system that takes enterprises as the main body, market orientation, and integration of industry, education and research. It supports the innovation of large and medium sized enterprises and all kinds of main bodies, promotes the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, actively develops new kinetic energy, and improves the industrial basic ability and modern industrial chain. The level of industrialization will play a role in speeding up the construction of a modern economic system. Manage the layout of state-owned capital well. Taking the structural reform of supply side as the main line, we should effectively promote strategic reorganization and specialization integration of enterprises. Efforts should be made to resolve excess capacity and speed up the disposal of inefficient and inefficient assets, so as to clear up the form of state-owned capital through mergers and acquisitions, closing revocation, listing transfer, bankruptcy liquidation, and so on, so that state-owned capital can be used in areas more needed.
The two is to focus on standardizing capital operation and build a standardized professional management system for state-owned capital. Adhere to the law as the yardstick, based on property rights and capital as a link, promote the standardization and professional management of state-owned capital, and integrate with the market economy. Straighten out the chain of supervision of state-owned capital operation. State owned assets supervision and administration organs perform their duties to investors in state-owned capital investment, operation companies and other directly supervised enterprises according to law. The state-owned capital investment and operation companies define the boundaries of ownership and management rights scientifically, perform the functions of state-owned capital investment and operation companies, increase the authorization and decentralization of enterprises, and give enterprises more autonomy. Right further strengthens the main body position of the enterprise market. Improve the supervision system of state-owned capital operation. We should strengthen basic management such as property rights registration, property rights transfer, asset appraisal, asset statistics, capital verification, and so on, and strengthen control over major operational matters of state-owned capital. We should establish and improve the state-owned capital operation mechanism and basic management system, strengthen the management of the articles of association, standardize the operation of the board of directors, and pay attention to the performance of investors' duties through the corporate governance structure of state-owned enterprises. We should strengthen the dynamic supervision of state-owned capital operation. The online supervision system of state owned enterprises will be set up to dynamically monitor and supervise the key links and major decisions of enterprises. We should strengthen the supervision over the transfer of state-owned property rights, intensify the entry and trade of state-owned property rights, and promote state-owned enterprises to deal with the assets of enterprises in a fair price by means of securities trading, property rights trading and other capital markets in accordance with the law.
The three is to focus on raising capital returns and building a highly efficient operation system for state-owned capital. Adhering to serving the national strategy and promoting the preservation and increment of state-owned capital, we should promote the rational flow of state-owned capital and improve the efficiency of state-owned capital operation through equity operation, value management and orderly advance and retreat. We should improve the return of capital by scientific assessment. We should improve the evaluation index system, guide the world-class enterprises, highlight competitiveness, innovation, control, influence and risk tolerance, properly handle the relationship between bigger and stronger, the current and long-term, benefits and responsibilities, and strengthen the examination of improving quality and efficiency, serving the national strategy, accelerating the development of innovation driven development, and deepening the structural reform of supply side. We should carry out differentiated examination for enterprises with different functional orientation, different industries and different stages of development. Promoting capital returns through market-oriented mechanisms. We should give full authority to decentralization, effectively reduce the approval and approval of investors, and minimize the intervention in production and business activities. We should improve incentives and constraints, guide and support the board of directors to strengthen the precise assessment of managers, promote the professional manager system, and promote the establishment and improvement of labor, capital, land, knowledge, technology, management, data and other production factors, which are determined by market evaluation and remuneration according to their contributions. We should co-ordinate the use of incentive policies such as equity incentive, bonus incentives, employee stock ownership and so on, and explore the use of excess. Profit sharing, virtual equity, project investment and other incentive methods stimulate the enthusiasm and creativity of all kinds of staff, and promote the continuous improvement of enterprise efficiency and return on state capital. With refined budget management, capital returns can be promoted. We should optimize the structure of state-owned capital budgetary expenditure, increase the proportion of capital injection, and establish a standardized and market-oriented capital replenishment mechanism for state-owned enterprises. We should implement investor's right to income, set up performance oriented, pay attention to long-term returns of state-owned capital, and guide enterprises to reflect the investment intention in the direction of income collection and expenditure.
The four is to focus on safeguarding capital security and build a chain of state capital supervision system. We must adhere to the duty of keeping the responsibility and keeping the responsibility of the earth, and accelerate the establishment of a state-owned assets supervision system with comprehensive coverage, clear division of labor, coordinated cooperation and strong restriction. We should prevent and resolve major risks and effectively prevent the loss of state assets. Find out the risk of loss of state-owned assets and strengthen supervision. Aiming at capital layout, key business, reform key areas and important operation links, we should strengthen supervision on planning, investment, property rights, finance, examination and distribution, selection and employment, and supervision of overseas state-owned assets, especially to promote enterprises to strengthen the construction of internal control system, and effectively achieve complete, comprehensive control and effective implementation of the system. Identify the joint point of supervision and consolidate supervision. We should promote the coordination of the supervision work of investor supervision and discipline inspection, supervision, inspection and auditing, make full use of the results of supervision and inspection in all aspects, and speed up the establishment of supervision work consultation, transfer of clues, and feedback mechanism for rectification, so as to give full play to the joint efforts of supervision. We should improve the system of X電競新聞
disclosure, strengthen the construction of X電競新聞
disclosure platform, take the initiative to accept social supervision, intensify the supervision of X電競新聞
disclosure of state assets, disclose the overall operation of state-owned capital, the overall value of state-owned assets and the overall performance of business performance appraisal, state owned assets supervision and control system, and supervision and inspection in accordance with the law. Identify the key points of accountability and improve the effectiveness of supervision. We should strengthen supervision afterwards, improve the system and organization system of supervision and accountability, and establish a mechanism of responsibility investigation with clear responsibilities, clear procedures and orderly procedures. We should strengthen accountability for violations of laws and regulations, intensify efforts to investigate and deal with major cases, and effectively play a deterrent and deterrent role, and earnestly safeguard the safety of state-owned assets.
Five, we should focus on adhering to the party's overall leadership and building a state-owned capital holding and shareholding 聯系X電競
system. Adhering to the party's overall leadership of state-owned enterprises, improving the efficiency of enterprises, enhancing the competitiveness of enterprises and realizing the preservation and appreciation of state-owned assets as the starting point and foothold of the work of Party organizations in state-owned enterprises, and integrating the party's leadership and Party building into the whole process of capital management and all aspects, so as to ensure that state-owned capital is always subordinated to the interests of serving the party and the people. For state owned, wholly owned and controlled state-owned enterprises, we should focus on building and improving the modern enterprise system with Chinese characteristics. Adhering to the "two consistent principles", we should unify the leadership of the party and improve the corporate governance, and better play the leading role of the Party committee of the state owned enterprise (Party group). We should take the direction, manage the overall situation and ensure the implementation, and ensure that the party and the state's policies and major plans are resolutely implemented in the state-owned enterprises. For the mixed ownership enterprises with state capital participation, we should actively explore effective ways of Party building. Establishing the party organization and carrying out the party's work as a prerequisite for the state-owned enterprises to participate in the reform of the mixed ownership system, straighten out the affiliation of the party organizations, clarify the way of setting up the party organization, the orientation of responsibilities and the management mode according to the characteristics of different types of mixed ownership enterprises, and ensure where the state-owned capital flows to, where the party's construction will follow, and the role of the party organization will be issued. Where to go. We must adhere to the strict administration of the party and effectively enhance the political and organizational functions of the grass-roots party organizations. Adhering to the principle of managing the cadres and giving full play to the role of market mechanism, combining capital management with people's supervision, deepening the construction of party conduct, building a clean government and fighting corruption, resolutely improving formalism and bureaucracy, working hard on strong foundations and reinforcing weaknesses, and building grass-roots party organizations as propaganda Party's propositions, implementing Party decisions, leading grass-roots governance and solidarity. The masses and the strong fortress for reform and development will effectively transform the advantages of the 聯系X電競
of enterprises into development advantages.
Provide strong support and support for the formation of state-owned assets supervision system based on capital management.
Implementing the spirit of the party in the fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee and forming a state-owned assets supervision system based on capital management is a major political task in the field of state-owned enterprises in the whole country. We must earnestly strengthen our own construction, further promote decentralization, decentralization and management, optimize X電競服務
s, and speed up the development of high-quality professional state supervision institutions and cadres. With the most resolute attitude, the most stringent requirements, the most effective measures and the most solid style of work, we need to push forward the transformation of functions and fulfill the requirement of landing.
First, the state owned assets supervision and administration organs are loyal to the party and continue to consolidate the important material foundation and political foundation for the party's administration. State owned enterprises are the important material foundation and political foundation of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In order to improve the supervision system of state assets and promote the transformation from management enterprises to management capital, we must adhere to the political construction as a guide and constantly harp up the political character of the cadres' loyalty to the party. We should further enhance the political standing, proceed from the overall situation of the party and state work and the overall situation of state owned enterprise reform and development, plan to promote the transformation of functions, establish and perfect the management system of capital work, accelerate the centralized and unified supervision of state-owned assets, build a large pattern of state assets supervision and control, and form a chess supervision of state assets. We should further enhance political awareness and strengthen political responsibility. We should speed up our reform and promote the transformation of functions as a practical action to enhance the "Four Consciousnesses", "strengthen the" four self-confidence "and" make two maintenance ". We should do our best to make the party accountable, supervise, protect and develop state-owned assets. We must have the capital to be a strong, well qualified and powerful country. The world class enterprises with global competitiveness have made the state economy a strong backing for the Chinese nation standing in the forest of the nations of the world. We should do our best to benefit the people and promote the great development and progress of state owned enterprises, so that the fruits of reform and development will benefit more people and better satisfy people's yearning for a better life.
The two is to enhance the quality level of state assets supervision by professional supervision of state-owned assets supervision institutions. In order to adapt to the new situation and new tasks, we should make great efforts to make up for the weakness of strengthening the quality and capability of the state-owned assets supervision and control cadres, and ensure that the state capital is well managed with high quality and high level. We should strengthen the knowledge learning of state-owned assets supervision and management, and strive to master professional knowledge and financial, financial, legal and other related knowledge, and constantly improve the ability to grasp the law of state assets supervision and the law of enterprise development. We should actively respond to new situations, new problems and new challenges that arise in the process of transformation from management enterprises to management capital, and comprehensively look for problems that are not suitable, inappropriate and not in place. We should be bold in exploring and boldly practicing, and creatively put forward practical and effective measures to put in place the requirements of functional transformation. We should enhance our ability to practice, deepen the research and understand the expectations and needs of strengthening the supervision of state-owned assets by giving priority to capital management, especially in areas where there are many difficulties, complex situations and sharp contradictions. We should find the golden key to solve the problem from the grass-roots practice.
The three is to ensure that the party and people are assured and enterprises are satisfied with the excellent style of state assets regulatory bodies. We should strengthen institutional awareness, implement the supervision system of state assets seriously, improve the authoritative and efficient system execution mechanism, and make "two maintenance" in respecting the system, implementing the system strictly, and resolutely maintaining the system. At the same time, in the process of implementation, problems should be adjusted and perfected in time. We need to reform and innovate and really do solid work. We should do our best to start a business, and we should be energetic and enterprising. We should stick to the key tasks of capital management and stick to the spirit of "nail the spirit". We must serve the development, diligently and conscientiously, take the cause in mind, shoulder the responsibility on the shoulders, firmly grasp the first priority of development, integrate supervision and X電競服務
, and win the trust of enterprises and win the public praise with professional high level X電競服務
s. We must work hard and be honest and clean, vigorously carry forward the spirit of hard work and entrepreneurship, firmly establish a correct view of power, status and interests, always put discipline and rules ahead, strictly implement the eight Central provisions and the spirit of implementing the rules, resolutely oppose the "four winds", guard against formalism, bureaucracy, behave regularly, and take the initiative to accept the party's rights. The organization and people's supervision have always maintained the political integrity of honesty and integrity, resolutely committed to being loyal and clean guardians of state assets, and serving the people with honesty and integrity.